Follow these 9 rules and your Orchid will bloom all year round
Follow these 9 rules and your Orchid will bloom all year round
Looking at a blooming Orchid, many growers do not even think about buying this unusual plant or not.
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Of course, to buy! So the question is whether it is as well to bloom and at home?
Everyone knows that the Orchid plant is quite capricious and requires delicate care. To get a re-flowering of it, if you know all the factors involved and to observe a certain mode of care. Then flowering orchids will last 2 to 6 months. Some genera like Phalaenopsis or Vanda can bloom all year round, reports Rus.Media.
So the Orchid has bloomed…
Frequency of flowering of orchids depends on the observance of certain rules of care. So the plant has bloomed, it should be remembered 9 the important conditions contributing to this.
1. Find out the age of the Orchid
If you bought TUC plant, and it is in no hurry to please floral arrow, maybe she is too young. Different types of orchids bloom at the age from 1,5 till 3 years. To determine that the Orchid is old enough, you need to count the number of shoots. In the adult plant, ready to bloom, they must be from 5 to 8. If the flowers of orchids appear early is not always good. The fact that too young, the plant may still have enough strength to recover after flowering, the Orchid may die.
2. Do not move the pot
Many people know that moving to orchids – a real stress. But this flower does not like even minor movements. Orchid responds to the position relative to the light. Therefore, if there is a need to move the pot with the plant, you must place it with the same side to the light source, as it stood previously. Also, do not move the Orchid during irrigation. Of movement adversely affects the growth of a flower, especially at the moment of emergence of the peduncle.
3. Pay attention to the roots
As you know, the roots of orchids are actively involved in the process of photosynthesis, so it is important to ensure that they had enough light. Because once again move the Orchid is not recommended, should take care of the roots in advance. For example, instead of ceramic pots is better to use a plastic transparent container with lots of drainage holes. It is not recommended to take for planting this flower container with corrugated walls, since its roots tend to grow to a rough surface. In addition, sharp edges and sharp items may cause injury to the root system, which will harm the plant as a whole.
4. Take care of the lighting
Sunlight is a very important factor that affects flowering orchids. Without the full light of day (10-12 hours a day) these plants are not flowering. So in the autumn and winter, when natural light is very small, the flowers should be dosvechivat lamps.
Folami – special lamps that are intended for supplementary lighting of the plants: they give a lot of bright light, without drying the air around the flowers.
If the Orchid has produced a spike in the fall or winter, you should care that he died because of short light day. Without supplementary lighting during the dark time of the year stems may stop the development or dry. If you can not dosvechivat plant as a whole, it is sufficient to arrange lighting just the tip of the peduncle. Most importantly, make sure that neither he nor the plant itself is not heated.
5. Ensure that allowable temperature difference
A catalyst for the flowering of many species of orchids there is little difference between the indicators of the day and night temperature. Therefore, the Orchid has bloomed, the night temperature should be 4-6°C lower than during the day. Of course, to create such conditions for the whole year is problematic. But from late spring to early autumn orchids can be kept outdoors where the temperature difference is achieved in a natural way. In a colder time, when the flowers have to live in the house, the room with the orchids need to be aired. Only this should be done very carefully, remembering that these plants are very afraid of drafts.
6. Properly water an Orchid
Water the Orchid after drying the soil – this will help to avoid rotting of the roots. These requirements apply both in summer and winter and relate to both children and adults plants. However, there are exceptions. After the Orchid Bud, watering should be cut about a month.
In nature, after flowering, the orchids are starting to tie the seeds should scatter in different directions for several kilometers. This is only possible in dry periods, but not during the rainy season. So you need to ensure the Orchid is in the conditions as much as possible close to the natural – then the flower will grow healthy and bloom.
Before flowering and during the orchids require more intensive irrigationthan usual. Further, in the dormant period, the specimens with stiff leaves and the presence of pseudobulbs should be watered according to the basic principle (about 10-12 days).
7. Moisten the air around the plant
Another important condition for flowering the humidity. If it will not be enough, the Orchid can stay in the growth or it will prematurely dry unopened buds and flowers.
To raise the humidity in the room where the Orchid is growing, you can put a flower next to a dish of water. Also very dry periods (when the houses include heating) the plant should be sprayed. Appropriate humidity for orchids is between 60% and higher.
8. Pick the right fertilizer
For fertilizing orchids it is recommended to use a mixture based on phosphorus and potassium, because they stimulate the emergence of floral buds. In addition, the use of these fertilizers ensures that the education the plant healthy and strong flowers. But the fertilizing nitrogen based better not to get involved: this element, on the contrary, hinders the development of stems.
9. Don’t be afraid to “scare” the plant
Sometimes, to force an Orchid to bloom, it needs to have a little stress. It so happens that all the conditions for flowering are met, and the flower does not want to put the arrow. This sometimes happens due to the fact that orchids are very good. In this case, all of the power plant aims at the growth of the green mass. One way to stimulate flowering is a little “shock” Orchid: to reduce watering or move the pot to a cooler place.
The dormant period of the Orchid
After flowering, the plants rest period comes when it begins to gather strength for the next flowering. Care at this time is no different from care in other periods. Flower as before feels the need for a good watering, high humidity, adequate lighting and regular prevention against diseases and pests.
As for food, their frequency and volume in the resting period should be reduced. If there is a need to transplant an Orchid, it’s time to do this procedure right now, when the plant no longer blooms.
Transplantation is needed if the drainage holes protrude from the roots, or the soil dries quickly after watering. As a rule, the need for this procedure appears in 2-3 years.
Suitable orchids in vase life?
What could be more beautiful than a bouquet of orchids? That’s just live these colors for long, and not every kind is suitable for cutting. Try to figure out how to extend the life of epiphytic bouquet and choose orchids.
Stand in a vase and keep the freshness and aroma for several weeks (and sometimes months) are Phalaenopsis, Cymbidiums and paphiopedilum. Other orchids are not at risk to stand for hours, fading before our eyes.
If you buy orchids in vase life, look first on petals and sepals. They should be shiny, as if coated with wax, and tough – then the Orchid will last long.
How can I prolong the life a bouquet of orchids:
- If the flowers were brought from the store, then they need to update sections. Cut stems should be obliquely. The procedure is recommended under running water. To update sections preferably every 2-3 days.
- Water content of cut orchids should be soft and clean: you can use boiled or filtered. Periodically it needs to be updated, adding fresh.
- Orchids in vase life, as, indeed, and homemade potted orchids, I’m afraid too much high and very low temperatures. Also they should be protected from draughts and bright sun.