Scientists have grown an artificial brain consists of three areas

Techno 22 March, 2018

2017-01-22 16:40

Scientists have grown an artificial brain consists of three areas
Artificial brain is composed of the tonsils, hippocampus and cortex.

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Researchers from Harvard University were able to grow incredibly complex artificial brain, which consists of three Autonomous regions. Furthermore, between these regions can form neural connections. Each region consists of different function and structure of neurons, reports Rus.Media.

Grown in the Harvard artificial brain consists of three areas that have analogues in living organisms: tonsils, hippocampus and cortex. In order to create an artificial brain, scientists started studying the proteins that are found in nerve cells, as well as cellular metabolism and the properties of the electrical conductivity of neurons. The researchers then traced the changes that neurons undergo when creating relationships and “communicating” with each other. This was done by culturing nerve cells of the same type in a separate area, after which remove the constraints of areas which let the formation of nerve connections. In the experiment, the cells have undergone significant changes after the establishment of contact with cells from other areas.

To demonstrate fully functional artificial brain, scientists have injected the drug penicillin hydrochloride, which is used to model symptoms of schizophrenia. During this experience, was able to study the effect of drug action on specific areas of the brain and their relationship. All of this suggests that artificial brain is a good tool for studying neurological and psychiatric diseases, including drug addiction and diseases caused by brain injury.

Earlier it was reported that scientists found in the human brain, two clusters of genes, which are responsible for the development of intelligence. In the course of research scientists have found that these same genes in an altered state can lead to epilepsy and cognitive imbalance.