Children and pregnant women in sub-Saharan Africa benefit more from five years of interventions against malaria. But funding gaps and the situation of health systems threaten this progress, the WHO said on Tuesday.
Worldwide, 212 million new cases of malaria (and malaria), none in Europe again, and 429’000 deaths were recorded in 2015, according to the annual report on malaria. “We have made excellent progress,” but the efforts are not finished, insists the director general of the World Health Organization (WHO) Margaret Chan.
A vaccine should be launched in 2018 in three African states. Sub-Saharan Africa has a total of 90% of all people and even more deaths, more precise the institution.
Particularly affected children under five account for 70% of all victims. More than half of children with fever who visited a health facility in 22 African countries were tested. In 2010, this share was only 29%. But more than a third of children in 23 countries have no access to these sites.
Advanced in states
For pregnant women in areas where the disease is spreading moderate or strong way, WHO recommends preventive treatment during pregnancy. This device helps prevent malaria-related effects. And 31% of women received at least three doses in 20 African countries, against only 6% in 2010.
The number of nets with insecticide it is from 30% to 53% among the population at risk. Despite a mosquito resistance to pyrethroid insecticides, the infection rate of people using this instrument is lower than those who do not use them. But 43% of the population does not benefit from this protection or other means of spreading insecticide in the house.
However, the report is optimistic about the elimination of malaria in at least 10 countries by 2020. This is part of the policy against the disease by 2030 it approved a few months ago by the World Health Assembly in Geneva.
Less than $ 3 billion of funding
In 2015, 10 states and territories reported fewer than 150 cases among their nationals. Nine other totaled 150 to 1000 cases. In recent months, Ms. Chan has validated the elimination of malaria in Kyrgyzstan and Sri Lanka.
However, efforts to reduce by 40% the incidence of malaria by 2020 compared to 2015 should be accelerated. Less than half of the 90 states affected by malaria are on track. Progress is slow in heavily affected countries.
financing side, the envelope of $ 2.9 billion in 2015 constituted only 45% of the desired annual amount by 2020. One third comes from the authorities in endemic countries, WHO added. It calls for an increase “significant” funding.